Creating a Shared Front-End Library with TypeScript, React, Material UI 5, and Storybook (Part 3)

By Kaiwen Lin • Innovation • May 16, 2023


Overview: This is the third installment of the series describing how to create a web-based user interface composed of both React and Angular micro front-ends.

The React in Angular for the first installment is an overview of how to embed a React component in an Angular app. The second installment describes how to refactor and adapt different parts of an existing React app to create re-usable components in a shared library. This third installment is a recipe for putting it all together as a re-usable npm library.

Benefits: To balance the stability of our mature Angular micro-apps with the ease of innovation of React for creating components that can be reused across both Angular and React, we curated the following tech stack to build this shared component library:

  1. Typescript enables typing support to improve code clarity and improve developer productivity;
  2. Storybook allows component developer and other team members to verify the component visually and locally before being pushed to code library;
  3. The React Material UI library provides high quality foundation of a solid design system to jumpstart demanding business needs and user experience;
  4. Jest and testing-library provide unit test framework;
  5. Rollup builds and bundles the source code into output library.

Pre-Requisites: Before we start, we have the following pre-requisites installed:

  1. Node 12+ and NPM
  2. git (optional)

Step 1: Create a Typescript and React NPM project

Starting from a blank slate, we create an empty folder and initialize both git and npm, then add typescript and react:

$ mkdir my-lib
$ cd my-lib
$ git init
$ npm init
$ npm i -D react react-dom @types/react typescript

We add the following to tsconfig.json to configure the typescript compiler:

    "compilerOptions": {
        "target": "es5",
        "outDir": "./lib",
        "lib": [
        "declaration": true,
        "declarationDir": "./",
        "allowJs": true,
        "skipLibCheck": true,
        "esModuleInterop": true,
        "allowSyntheticDefaultImports": true,
        "strict": true,
        "forceConsistentCasingInFileNames": true,
        "module": "esnext",
        "moduleResolution": "node",
        "resolveJsonModule": true,
        "isolatedModules": true,
        "noEmit": true,
        "jsx": "react-jsx"
    "include": [
    "exclude": [

Note that we put source code in src folder and build output in lib folder.

Step 2: Add Storybook, Material UI, and Jest Test

In step 2, we incorporate several key elements for the development environment.

Run the following commands to initialize Storybook, add React Material UI, and add Jest & React Testing Library support:

$ npx sb init
$ npm i -D @mui/material@5 @mui/styles@5 @emotion/react @emotion/styled
$ npm i -D @testing-library/jest-dom @testing-library/react @types/jest babel-jest jest ts-jest storybook-addon-material-ui5

Use the following code in .storybook/main.js to add Material UI support to Storybook:

module.exports = {
"stories": [
"addons": [
"framework": "@storybook/react"

To verify the use of custom styling, we create the src/theme.ts file, add custom branding and make adjustment to the breakpoints for responsive design:

import { Theme } from '@mui/material'
import { createTheme } from '@mui/material/styles'

const theme: Theme = createTheme({
  palette: {
    primary: {
      main: '#490e4b'
  breakpoints: {
    values: {
      xs: 0,
      sm: 600,
      md: 1025,
      lg: 1280,
      xl: 1536

export default theme

We create a simple Button component in the file src/components/Button.tsx as a sample component:

import React from 'react'
import { Button, styled } from '@mui/material'

const ButtonStyled = styled(Button)(({ theme }) => ({
  borderRadius: 2,
  [theme.breakpoints.down('md')]: {
    width: '100%',

export default ({ size, children, ...props }: any): React.ReactElement => (
  <ButtonStyled size={size} {...props}>

To support import of several common static files, we create the src/files.d.ts file:

declare module '.woff' 
declare module '.woff2'
declare module '.png' 
declare module '.svg'
declare module '*.jpg'

Export the Button component and theme in the src/index.ts file:

export { default as theme } from './theme'
export { default as Button } from './components/Button/Button'

Storybook Support

Add theme to Storybook with the following code in .storybook/preview.js:

import React from 'react'

import { ThemeProvider } from '@storybook/theming'

import theme from '../src/theme'

export const decorators = [
  (Story) => (
    <ThemeProvider theme={theme}>
      <Story />

export const parameters = {
  actions: { argTypesRegex: "^on[A-Z].*" },
  controls: {
    matchers: {
      color: /(background|color)$/i,
      date: /Date$/,

Create the src/components/Button/Button.stories.tsx file:

import React from 'react'
import { Meta } from '@storybook/react/types-6-0'
import Button from './Button'

export default {
  title: 'Components/Button',
  component: Button,
  argTypes: {
    size: {
      options: ['small', 'medium', 'large'],
      defaultValue: 'medium',
      control: { type: 'radio' }
} as Meta

export const Primary = (props: any) => <Button variant="contained" {...props}>Primary Button</Button>
export const Secondary = (props: any) => <Button variant="outlined" {...props}>Secondary Button</Button>

At this point, you can run npm run storybook to view the Button component in storybook:

Figure 1: the Storybook visual effect
Figure 1: the Storybook visual effect

The Storybook framework is a great time-saver that allows us to preview the components in different scenarios without being integrated in the hosting micro apps first.

Support Jest Test Scenarios

To support unit test with jest and testing-library, we add the following files:


Edit file src/components/Button/Button.test.tsx:

import { render } from '@testing-library/react'
import SizeWrapper from '../../test/sizeWrapper'

import Button from './Button'

describe('Button', () => {
  it('should match snapshot', () => {
    const { container } = render(
      <Button>My Button</Button>,
      { wrapper: SizeWrapper }


Edit file src/test/mocks/fileMock.js:

module.exports = 'test-file-stub'

Edit file src/test/setupTests.tsx:

import '@testing-library/jest-dom/extend-expect'

jest.mock('react-dom', () => {
  const original = jest.requireActual('react-dom')
  return {
    createPortal: (node: any) => node

Edit file src/test/sizeWrapper.tsx:

import { ThemeProvider } from '@mui/material/styles'

import theme from '../theme'

const SizeWrapper = ({ children }: any): JSX.Element => (
  <ThemeProvider theme={{ ...theme, props: { MuiWithWidth: { initialWidth: 'lg' } } }}>

const SmallSizeWrapper = ({ children }: any): JSX.Element => (
  <ThemeProvider theme={{ ...theme, props: { MuiWithWidth: { initialWidth: 'sm' } } }}>

export { SmallSizeWrapper }

export default SizeWrapper

Edit file babel.config.js:

module.exports = { presets: ['@babel/preset-env'] }

Edit file jest.config.js:

module.exports = {
    preset: 'ts-jest',
    transform: {
        '^.+\\.(ts|tsx)?$': 'ts-jest',
        "^.+\\.(js|jsx)$": "babel-jest",
    moduleNameMapper: {
        "\\.(gif|png|jpg|ttf|eot|svg|woff|woff2)$": "<rootDir>/src/test/mocks/fileMock.js"
    testEnvironment: 'jest-environment-jsdom',
    setupFilesAfterEnv: ['<rootDir>/src/test/setupTests.tsx']

Now you can run npx jest --coverage to exercise the test script, or add it to the scripts section of package.json:

"test": "jest --coverage",

Step 3: Build with Rollup and Publish

We install rollup and relevant packages for the build:

$ npm i -D rollup @rollup/plugin-commonjs @rollup/plugin-image @rollup/plugin-node-resolve @rollup/plugin-typescript rollup-plugin-peer-deps-external rollup-plugin-postcss rollup-plugin-url

Make updates to package.json:

  1. Verify the package name is what you want, here we use:
    "name": "@kkr/tech-demo"
  2. Set up the library files to come from the build output director lib:
    "main": "lib/index.js",
    "module": "lib/index.js",
    "types": "lib/index.d.ts",
  3. Move dependencies (if any) to devDependencies;
  4. Copy the following from devDependencies to peerDependencies:
    "peerDependencies": {
    "@emotion/react": "^11.9.0",
    "@emotion/styled": "^11.8.1",
    "@mui/material": "^5.6.0",
    "@mui/styles": "^5.6.0",
    "react": "^18.0.0",
    "react-dom": "^18.0.0"
  5. Add the files section:
    "files": [
  6. Add the build script in scripts section:
    "build": "rollup -c",

Add rollup.config.js with the following code:

import peerDepsExternal from 'rollup-plugin-peer-deps-external'
import resolve from '@rollup/plugin-node-resolve'
import commonjs from '@rollup/plugin-commonjs'
import typescript from '@rollup/plugin-typescript'
import postcss from 'rollup-plugin-postcss'
import url from 'rollup-plugin-url'
import png from '@rollup/plugin-image'

const packageJson = require('./package.json')

export default {
  input: 'src/index.ts',
  output: [
      file: packageJson.main,
      format: 'cjs',
      sourcemap: true
  plugins: [
    typescript({ tsconfig: './tsconfig.json' }),
      // by default, rollup-plugin-url will not handle font files
      include: ['**/*.woff', '**/*.woff2'],
      // setting infinite limit will ensure that the files
      // are always bundled with the code, not copied to /dist
      limit: Infinity,
      extensions: ['.css']

At this point, we can build and publish to the npm repository:

$ npm run build
$ npm publish

Verify that the library was published correctly to either the public or private NPM repository you have setup (e.g. AWS CodeArtifact, Verdaccio, etc.).

There you have it, setting up a feature rich React component library suitable for both Angularjs and React, with Typescript, Material UI 5, Storybook, and Jest unit test.

You can now leverage this approach to re-use several major components, including the header, footer, and feedback form.

Credits and References:


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